Extraction in dentistry refers to the removal of one tooth or multiple teeth from the oral cavity by simple or surgical means. There are a number of reasons as to why extractions may be advised or required. For instance gross caries, vertical fracture of the tooth, secondary caries causing failure of endodontic treatments, space gaining for orthodontic treatments, supernumerary teeth, impactions, retained primary dentition, severe mobility due to periodontal diseases, etc.
Depending upon the nature of the case, extractions can either be simple, or surgical. Simple extractions are generally minimally invasive and only involve the usage of instruments like elevators and forceps to removal the tooth from its socket. These procedures are reserved for teeth that are easily accessible in the oral cavity, are fully or partially erupted, and have sound structure. Following the administration of local anesthesia, elevators are used to first separate the tooth from its surrounding soft tissues, and then to raise the tooth in its socket. Forceps are then used to pull the mobile tooth out of the oral cavity. Once the whole tooth has been extracted, a pressure pack is placed on to the extraction site to control bleeding, and to promote rapid healing. Patients may be prescribed analgesics to manage post-operative pain once the effects of the anesthesia have subsided.
In case of surgical extractions however, a larger array of instruments/equipment are required. Following the administration of local anesthesia or a nerve block, an incision may be made to gain better access to the tooth. Radiographs may also be indicated to locate the position of the tooth in the jaw. Because surgical extractions are relatively invasive in nature, the sockets are closed using sutures once the tooth has been removed. In addition to analgesics, patients are also prescribed antibiotics to eliminate chances of infections following surgery.
It is important to remember that each human being only has two sets of teeth, namely the primary and the secondary dentition. Once a permanent tooth is removed from the arch, it cannot be replaced naturally. It is therefore important to seek professional attention for timely dental treatments such as teeth whitening and better prognosis. Learn more about maintaining good oral hygiene at home to keep infections at bay, by booking an appointment with the team at Oral Surgery Specialists of Austin today!